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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2328/1591

Title: The telomere of human chromosome 1p contains at least two independent autosomal dominant congenital cataract genes.
Authors: McKay, James D
Patterson, B
Craig, Jamie E
Russell-Eggit, Isabelle M
Wirth, M Gabriela
Burdon, Kathryn Penelope
Hewitt, Alex W
Cohn, Amy C
Kerdraon, Y
Mackey, David A
Keywords: Aphakia, Postcataract
Cataract
Homeodomain Proteins
Haplotypes
Lod Score
Microsatellite Repeats
PAX7 Transcription Factor
Strabismus
Telomere
Issue Date: Jul-2005
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group - http://bjo.bmjjournals.com/
Citation: J D McKay, B Patterson, JE Craig, IM Russell-Eggitt, MG Wirth, KP Burdon, AW Hewitt, AC Cohn, Y Kerdraon, DA Mackey. 2005. The telomere of human chromosome 1p contains at least two independent autosomal dominant congenital cataract genes. 'British Journal of Ophthalmology', Feb, Vol 89, No 7, 831-4
Abstract: AIMS: Multiple genetic causes of congenital cataract have been identified, both as a component of syndromes and in families that present with isolated congenital cataract. Linkage analysis was used to map the genetic locus in a six generation Australian family presenting with total congenital cataract. METHODS: Microsatellite markers located across all known autosomal dominant congenital cataract loci were genotyped in all recruited family members of the Tasmanian family. Both two point and multipoint linkage analysis were used to assess each locus under an autosomal dominant model. RESULTS: Significant linkage was detected at the telomere of the p arm of chromosome 1, with a maximum two point LOD of 4.21 at marker D1S507, a maximum multipoint exact LOD of 5.44, and an estimated location score of 5.61 at marker D1S507. Haplotype analysis places the gene inside a critical region between D1S228 and D1S199, a distance of approximately 6 megabases. The candidate gene PAX7 residing within the critical interval was excluded by direct sequencing in affected individuals. CONCLUSION: This is the third report of congenital cataract linkage to 1ptel. The critical region as defined by the shared haplotype in this family is clearly centromeric from the Volkmann cataract locus identified through study of a Danish family, indicating that two genes causing autosomal dominant congenital cataract map to the telomeric region of chromosome 1p.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2328/1591
ISSN: 0007-1161
Appears in Collections:Ophthalmology, Eye and Vision Research Collected Works

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