Maintaining Britishness in a setting of their own design: the Troodos Hill Station in Cyprus during the early British occupation
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Britain occupied Cyprus by virtue of the Anglo-Turkish Convention of 4 June 1878, which ceded the occupation and administration (but not sovereignty) to Britain. The Lord Beaconsfield Government planned to convert Cyprus into a place of arms. The architects of this policy saw Cyprus as ideal for stationing troops, and sent there a 10,000 strong army of occupation. They saw Famagusta Harbour as the perfect naval and commercial station in the eastern Mediterranean. But within months of the occupation, uncertainties developed over the military and naval value of Cyprus. The decision to build the Troodos Hill Station stood in stark contrast to the uncertainties over the military and naval value of the island, and the uncertainties over whether to act as if Cyprus was a British or Ottoman territory.