A literature review of disaster nursing competencies in Japanese nursing journals
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Competencies is an important concept used for assessing health professionals’ capability to perform their role. By means of a literature review of Japanese professional journals this paper will investigate the competencies concept, particularly with relation to disaster nursing. The literature research was conducted using the database ichu-shi (ver. 4). All literature is written and published in Japanese and was published between 2001 and 2008. Due to an unfamiliarity of the term ‘competencies’ in Japanese, the key words were sought while deconstructing the meaning and concepts of ‘competencies’ into terms more recognisable in the Japanese context. Twelve key words: disaster, capability, education, practice, licensure, ability, function, prevention, response, planning, emergency, and disaster nursing were chosen as being most likely to find literature relevant to the English language concept of competencies. The searched articles were then written into the disaster nursing competencies review worksheet for analysis.