Nanopowder management and control of plasma parameters in electronegative SiH4 plasmas
Denysenko, I B
Yu, M Y
Diong, C H
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Management of nanosize powder particles via control of plasma parameters in a low-pressure SiH4 discharge for silicon microfabrication technologies is considered. The spatial profiles of electron and positive/negative ion number densities, electron temperature, and charge of the fine particles are obtained using a self-consistent fluid model of the electronegative plasmas in the parallel plate reactor geometry. The model accounts for variable powder size and number density, powder-charge distribution, local plasma nonuniformity, as well as UV photodetachment of electrons from the nanoparticles. The relations between the equilibrium discharge state and powder properties and the input power and neutral gas pressure are studied. Methods for controlling the electron temperature and SiH3- anion (here assumed to be the powder precursor) density, and hence the powder growth process, are proposed. It is shown that by controlling the neutral gas pressure, input power, and powder size and density, plasma density profiles with high levels of uniformity can be achieved. Management of powder charge distribution is also possible through control of the external parameters.