The multilevel analysis of students' achievement in learning the Chinese language.
Keeves, John Philip
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A three-level hierarchical or multilevel model is employed to examine the factors that influence students' achievement in learning the Chinese language. The factors might be many or various, such as school factors, factors related to teachers, parents and peers. This study, however, only examines student level factors. The first level of the three-level multilevel model is the within-student level; the second level is between student level; and the third level is between-class level. The results show that different factors at different levels of the model have effects on the students' achievement. Interaction effects are also observed between some variables and the achievement.