Prevalence of faecal incontinence in community-dwelling older people in Bali, Indonesia
Suyasa, I Gede Putu Darma
Xiao, Lily Dongxia
Lynn, Penelope Ann
Skuza, Pawel Piotr
Paterson, Janice Betty
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Aim To explore the prevalence rate of faecal incontinence in community-dwelling older people, associated factors, impact on quality of life and practices in managing faecal incontinence. Method Using a cross-sectional design, 600 older people aged 60+ were randomly selected from a population of 2916 in Bali, Indonesia using a simple random sampling technique. Three hundred and three participants were interviewed (response rate 51%). Results The prevalence of faecal incontinence was 22.4% (95% confidence interval (CI) 18.0–26.8). Self-reported constipation (odds ratio (OR) 3.68, 95% CI 1.87–7.24) and loose stools (OR 2.66, 95% CI 1.47–4.78) were significantly associated with faecal incontinence. There was a strong positive correlation between total bowel control score and total quality-of-life score (P < 0.001, rs = 0.61) indicating significant alterations in quality of life. The current management practices varied from changing diet, visiting health-care professionals, and using modern and traditional medicines. Conclusion Faecal incontinence is common among community-dwelling older people in Bali.
Author version made available in accordance with Publisher policy. Under 12 month embargo from date of publication [14 April 2014]. This is the accepted version of the following article: [Suyasa, I. G. P. D., Xiao, L. D., Lynn, P. A., Skuza, P. P. and Paterson, J. (2014), Prevalence of faecal incontinence in community-dwelling older people in Bali, Indonesia. Australasian Journal on Ageing.], which has been published in final form at [doi: 10.1111/ajag.12141]. In addition, authors may also transmit, print and share copies with colleagues, provided that there is no systematic distribution of the submitted version, e.g. posting on a listserve, network or automated delivery.