Now showing items 1-20 of 26

    • Ancient DNA Analyses Reveal Contrasting Phylogeographic Patterns amongst Kiwi (Apteryx spp.) and a Recently Extinct Lineage of Spotted Kiwi 

      Shepherd, Lara D; Worthy, Trevor; Tennyson, Alan J D; Scofield, R Paul; Ramstad, Kristina M; Lambert, David M (Public Library of Science, 2012)
      The little spotted kiwi (Apteryx owenii) is a flightless ratite formerly found throughout New Zealand but now greatly reduced in distribution. Previous phylogeographic studies of the related brown kiwi (A. mantelli, A. ...
    • Ancient DNA reveals elephant birds and kiwi are sister taxa and clarifies ratite bird evolution 

      Mitchell, Kieren J; Llamas, Bastien; Soubrier, Julien; Rawlence, Nicolas J; Worthy, Trevor; Wood, Jamie; Lee, Michael S Y; Cooper, Alan (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2014-05-23)
      The evolution of the ratite birds has been widely attributed to vicariant speciation, driven by the Cretaceous breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana. The early isolation of Africa and Madagascar implies that the ostrich ...
    • Avifauna from the Teouma Lapita Site, Efate Island, Vanuatu, Including a New Genus and Species of Megapode 

      Worthy, Trevor; Hawkins, Stuart; Bedford, Stuart; Spriggs, Matthew (University of Hawaii Press, 2015)
      The avifauna of the Teouma archaeological site on Efate in Vanuatu is described. It derives from the Lapita levels (3,000 – 2,800 ybp) and immedi-ately overlying middens extending to ∼2,500 ybp. A total of 30 bird ...
    • Behaviour of the Pleistocene marsupial lion deduced from claw marks in a southwestern Australian cave 

      Arman, Samuel D; Prideaux, Gavin John (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      The marsupial lion, Thylacoleo carnifex, was the largest-ever marsupial carnivore, and is one of the most iconic extinct Australian vertebrates. With a highly-specialised dentition, powerful forelimbs and a robust build, ...
    • Climate change not to blame for late Quaternary megafauna extinctions in Australia 

      Saltre, Frederik; Rodriguez-Rey, M; Brook, Barry W; Johnson, Christopher N; Turney, Chris S M; Alroy, John; Cooper, Alan; Beeton, Nicholas; Bird, Michael I; Fordham, Damien A; Gillespie, Richard; Herrando-Perez, Salvador; Jacobs, Zenobia; Miller, Gifford H; Nogues-Bravo, David; Prideaux, Gavin John; Roberts, Richard Graham; Bradshaw, Corey J A (Nature Publishing Group, 2016)
      Late Quaternary megafauna extinctions impoverished mammalian diversity worldwide. The causes of these extinctions in Australia are most controversial but essential to resolve, because this continent-wide event presaged ...
    • Copulation in antiarch placoderms and the origin of gnathostome internal fertilisation 

      Long, John A; Mark-Kurik, Elga; Johanson, Zerina; Lee, Michael S Y; Young, Gavin C; Min, Zhu; Ahlberg, Per E; Newman, Michael; Jones, Roger; den Blaauwen, Jan; Choo, Brian; Trinajstic, Kate (Nature Publishing Group, 2014-10-19)
      Reproduction in jawed vertebrates (gnathostomes) involves either external or internal fertilization. It is commonly argued that internal fertilization can evolve from external, but not the reverse. Male copulatory claspers ...
    • The cranial endocast of Dipnorhynchus sussmilchi (Sarcopterygii: Dipnoi) and the interrelationships of stem-group lungfishes 

      Clement, Alice M; Challands, T J; Long, John A; Ahlberg, Per E (PeerJ, 2016-10-20)
      The first virtual cranial endocast of a lungfish from the Early Devonian, Dipnorhynchus sussmilchi, is described. Dipnorhynchus, only the fourth Devonian lungfish for which a near complete cranial endocast is known, is a ...
    • Early cave art and ancient DNA record the origin of European bison 

      Soubrier, Julien; Gower, Graham; Chen, Kefei; Richards, Stephen M; Llamas, Bastien; Mitchell, Kieren J; Ho, Simon Y W; Kosintsev, Pavel; Lee, Michael S Y; Baryshnikov, Gennady; Bollongino, Ruth; Bover, Pere; Burger, Joachim; Chivall, David; Cregut-Bonnoure, Evelyne; Decker, JaredE; Doronichev, Vladimir B; Douka, Katerina; Fordham, Damien A; Fontana, Federica; Fritz, Carole; Glimmerveen, Jan; Golovanova, Liubov V; Groves, Colin; Guerreschi, Antonio; Haak, Wolfgang; Higham, Tom; Hofman-Kaminska, Emilia; Immel, Alexander; Julien, Marie-Anne; Krause, Johannes; Krotova, Oleksandra; Langbein, Frauke; Larson, Greger; Rohrlach, Adam; Scheu, Amelie; Schnabel, Robert D; Taylor, Jeremy F; Tokarska, Małgorzata; Tosello, Gilles; van der Plicht, Johannes; van Loenen, Ayla; Vigne, Jean-Denis; Wooley, Oliver; Orlando, Ludovic; Kowalczyk, Rafał; Shapiro, Beth; Cooper, Alan (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-10-18)
      The two living species of bison (European and American) are among the few terrestrial megafauna to have survived the late Pleistocene extinctions. Despite the extensive bovid fossil record in Eurasia, the evolutionary ...
    • Early Gnathostome Phylogeny Revisited: Multiple Method Consensus 

      Qiao, Tuo; King, Benedict; Long, John A; Ahlberg, Per E; Zhu, Min (Public Library of Science, 2016)
      A series of recent studies recovered consistent phylogenetic scenarios of jawed vertebrates, such as the paraphyly of placoderms with respect to crown gnathostomes, and antiarchs as the sister group of all other jawed ...
    • First articulated phyllolepid placoderm from North America, with comments on phyllolepid systematics 

      Long, John A; Daeschler, EB (The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 2013-03)
      The first articulated phyllolepid placoderm from North America (outside of Greenland) is described from the Upper Devonian Catskill Formation in north-central Pennsylvania. Phyllolepis rossimontina Lane and Cuffey 2005, ...
    • First shark from the late Devonian (Frasnian) Gogo Formation, Western Australia sheds new light on the development of tessellated calcified cartilage 

      Long, John A; Burrow, Carole J; Ginter, Michal; Maisey, John G; Trinajstic, Kate; Coates, Michael I; Young, Gavin C; Senden, Tim J (PLOS One, 2015-05-28)
      Here we present new data from the first well-preserved chondrichthyan fossil from the early Late Devonian (ca. 380–384 Mya) Gogo Formation Lägerstatte of Western Australia. The specimen is the first Devonian shark body ...
    • Fish remains, mostly otoliths, from the non-marine Early Miocene of Otago, New Zealand 

      Schwarzhans, Werner; Scofield, R Paul; Tennyson, Alan J D; Worthy, Jennifer P; Worthy, Trevor (Polskiej Akademii Nauk, Instytut Paleobiologii (Polish Academy of Sciences, Institue of Paleobiology), 2012)
      Fish remains described from the early Miocene lacustrine Bannockburn Formation of Central Otago, New Zealand, con− sist of several thousand otoliths and one skeleton plus another disintegrated skull. One species, Mataichthys ...
    • Getting to the heart of a good fossil 

      Long, John A (eLife Sciences Publications, 2016)
      The discovery of perfectly preserved 113-119 million year old fossilised hearts in a Brazilian fish Rhacolepis has significant implications for palaeontology and comparative anatomy.
    • High-Resolution Coproecology: Using Coprolites to Reconstruct the Habits and Habitats of New Zealand’s Extinct Upland Moa (Megalapteryx didinus) 

      Wood, Jamie; Wilmshurst, Janet M; Wagstaff, Steven J; Worthy, Trevor; Rawlence, Nicolas J; Cooper, Alan (Public Library of Science, 2012)
      Knowledge about the diet and ecology of extinct herbivores has important implications for understanding the evolution of plant defence structures, establishing the influences of herbivory on past plant community structure ...
    • Is the “Genyornis” egg of a mihirung or another extinct bird from the Australian dreamtime? 

      Grellet-Tinner, G; Spooner, N A; Worthy, Trevor (Elsevier, 2016-02-01)
      The iconic Australian Genyornis newtoni (Dromornithidae, Aves) is the sole Pleistocene member of an avian clade now hypothesized to be alternatively in Anseriformes or the sister group of crown Galloanseres. A distinctive ...
    • A Megafauna’s Microfauna: Gastrointestinal Parasites of New Zealand’s Extinct Moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) 

      Wood, Jamie; Wilmshurst, Janet M; Rawlence, Nicolas J; Bonner, Karen I; Worthy, Trevor; Kinsella, John M; Cooper, Alan (Public Library of Science, 2013)
      We perform the first multidisciplinary study of parasites from an extinct megafaunal clade using coprolites from the New Zealand moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes). Ancient DNA and microscopic analyses of 84 coprolites deposited ...
    • Miocene Fossils Reveal Ancient Roots for New Zealand’s Endemic Mystacina (Chiroptera) and Its Rainforest Habitat 

      Hand, Suzanne J; Lee, Daphne E; Worthy, Trevor; Archer, Michael; Worthy, Jennifer P; Tennyson, Alan J D; Salisbury, Steven W; Scofield, R Paul; Mildenhall, Dallas C; Kennedy, Elizabeth M; Lindqvist, Jon K (Public Library of Science, 2015)
      The New Zealand endemic bat family Mystacinidae comprises just two Recent species referred to a single genus, Mystacina. The family was once more diverse and widespread, with an additional six extinct taxa recorded from ...
    • Miocene fossils show that kiwi (Apteryx, Apterygidae) are probably not phyletic dwarves 

      Worthy, Trevor; Worthy, Jennifer P; Tennyson, Alan J D; Salisbury, Steven W; Hand, Suzanne J; Scofield, R Paul (Verlag Naturhistorisches Museum Wien, 2013)
      Until now, kiwi (Apteryx, Apterygidae) have had no pre-Quaternary fossil record to inform on the timing of their arrival in New Zealand or on their inter-ratite relationships. Here we describe two fossils in a new genus ...
    • A new method for reconstructing brain morphology: applying the brain-neurocranial spatial relationship in an extant lungfish to a fossil endocast 

      Clement, Alice M; Strand, R; Nysjo, J; Long, John A; Ahlberg, Per E (The Royal Society, 2016)
      Lungfish first appeared in the geological record over 410 million years ago and are the closest living group of fish to the tetrapods. Palaeoneurological investigations into the group show that unlike numerous other ...
    • A new species of Oligo-Miocene darter (Aves: Anhingidae) from Australia 

      Worthy, Trevor (Central Ornithology Publication Office, 2012)
      A single fossil tarsometatarsus from the Etadunna Formation, of Late Oligocene–Early Miocene age, at the Snake Dam Locality in South Australia reveals the ï¬ rst pre-Pliocene record of anhingids in Australia. Anhinga ...