Confined aquifers as viral reservoirs
Smith, Renee J
Fitch, Alison J
Simons, Keryn Leah
Speck, Peter Gerald
Mitchell, James Gordon
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Knowledge about viral diversity and abundance in deep groundwater reserves is limited. We found that the viral community inhabiting a deep confined aquifer in South Australia was more similar to reclaimed water communities than to the viral communities in the overlying unconfined aquifer community. This similarity was driven by high relative occurrence of the single-stranded DNA viral groups Circoviridae, Geminiviridae and Microviridae, which include many known plant and animal pathogens. These groups were present in a 1500-year-old water situated 80 m below the surface, which suggests the potential for long-term survival and spread of potentially pathogenic viruses in deep, confined groundwater. Obtaining a broader understanding of potentially pathogenic viral communities within aquifers is particularly important given the ability of viruses to spread within groundwater ecosystems.
"This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Smith, R., Roudnew, B. and Mitchell, J.G., 2013. Confined aquifers as viral reservoirs. Environmental Microbiology Reports, 5(5), 725-730, which has been published in final form at DOI: 10.1111/1758-2229.12072. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving."