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dc.contributor.authorRuzicka, Jan-Yves
dc.contributor.authorAbu Bakar, Faridah
dc.contributor.authorThomsen, Lars
dc.contributor.authorCowie, Bruce C
dc.contributor.authorMcNicoll, Campbell
dc.contributor.authorKemmitt, Tim
dc.contributor.authorBrand, Helen E A
dc.contributor.authorIngham, Bridget
dc.contributor.authorAndersson, Gunther
dc.contributor.authorGolovko, Vladimir B
dc.date.accessioned2015-11-22T11:35:46Z
dc.date.available2015-11-22T11:35:46Z
dc.date.issued2014-04-15
dc.identifier.citationRuzicka, J., Bakar, F., Thomsen, L., Cowie, B., McNicoll, C., Kemmitt, T., et al. (2014). XPS and NEXAFS study of fluorine modified TiO2 nano-ovoids reveals dependence of Ti3+ surface population on the modifying agent. RSC Advances, 4(40) pp. 20649-20658.en
dc.identifier.issn2046-2069
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2328/35736
dc.descriptionThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/)en
dc.description.abstractCrystalline titanium dioxide was synthesised under mild conditions by the thermal degradation of peroxotitanic acid in the presence of a number of fluoride-containing surface modifying agents (NH4F, NH4BF4, NH4PF6, NBu4F, NBu4BF4, NBu4PF6). The resulting materials were characterised by PXRD, SEM, HRTEM, XPS and NEXAFS. Particle phase, size, and surface area were noticeably affected by the choice of surface modifying agent. Both the cation and anion comprising the modifying agent affect the surface Ti3+ population of the materials, with two apparent trends observed: F− > BF4− > PF6− and NBu4+ > NH4+. All materials displayed evidence of fluorine doping on their surfaces, although no evidence of bulk doping was observed.en
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherRoyal Society of Chemistryen
dc.rightsThis journal is © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2014en
dc.titleXPS and NEXAFS study of fluorine modified TiO2 nano-ovoids reveals dependence of Ti3+ surface population on the modifying agenten
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1039/C3RA47652Aen
dc.rights.holderThe Royal Society of Chemistryen
dc.rights.licenseCC-BY
local.contributor.authorOrcidLookupAndersson, Gunther: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5742-3037en_US


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