Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorWood, Jamie
dc.contributor.authorWilmshurst, Janet M
dc.contributor.authorRawlence, Nicolas J
dc.contributor.authorBonner, Karen I
dc.contributor.authorWorthy, Trevor
dc.contributor.authorKinsella, John M
dc.contributor.authorCooper, Alan
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-15T00:08:19Z
dc.date.available2016-02-15T00:08:19Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.identifier.citationWood JR, Wilmshurst JM, Rawlence NJ, Bonner KI, Worthy TH, Kinsella JM, et al. (2013) A Megafauna’s Microfauna: Gastrointestinal Parasites of New Zealand’s Extinct Moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes). PLoS ONE 8(2): e57315. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057315en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2328/35945
dc.descriptionThis is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.en
dc.description.abstractWe perform the first multidisciplinary study of parasites from an extinct megafaunal clade using coprolites from the New Zealand moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes). Ancient DNA and microscopic analyses of 84 coprolites deposited by four moa species (South Island giant moa, Dinornis robustus; little bush moa, Anomalopteryx didiformis; heavy-footed moa, Pachyornis elephantopus; and upland moa, Megalapteryx didinus) reveal an array of gastrointestinal parasites including coccidians (Cryptosporidium and members of the suborder Eimeriorina), nematodes (Heterakoidea, Trichostrongylidae, Trichinellidae) and a trematode (Echinostomida). Parasite eggs were most prevalent and diverse in coprolites from lowland sites, where multiple sympatric moa species occurred and host density was therefore probably higher. Morphological and phylogenetic evidence supports a possible vicariant Gondwanan origin for some of the moa parasites. The discovery of apparently hostspecific parasite taxa suggests paleoparasitological studies of megafauna coprolites may provide useful case-studies of coextinction.en
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherPublic Library of Scienceen
dc.rightsCopyright © 2013 Wood et al.en
dc.titleA Megafauna’s Microfauna: Gastrointestinal Parasites of New Zealand’s Extinct Moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes)en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057315en
dc.rights.holderWood et al.en
local.contributor.authorOrcidLookupWorthy, Trevor: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7047-4680en_US


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record