Now showing items 194-213 of 646

    • Environmental occurrence of the Whipple's disease bacterium (Tropheryma whippelii). 

      Maiwald, Matthias; Schuhmacher, F; Ditton, H J; von Herbay, Axel (American Society for Microbiology, 1998-02)
      Whipple's disease is a systemic disorder in which a gram-positive rod-shaped bacterium is constantly present in infected tissues. After numerous unsuccessful attempts to culture this bacterium, it was eventually characterized ...
    • The Epidemiology of Staphylococcus aureus and Panton-Valentine Leucocidin (pvl) in Central Australia, 2006-2010 

      Hewagama, Saliya; Spelman, Tim; Woolley, Mark; McLeod, James E T; Gordon, David Llewellyn; Einsiedel, Lloyd John (BioMed Central, 2016-08)
      Background: The Central Australian Indigenous population has a high incidence of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) but little is known about the local molecular epidemiology. Methods: Prospective observational study ...
    • Epididymo-orchitis in an extremely preterm infant 

      Morris, Scott; Reeves, Rebecca; Ziesing, Patrick Joseph; Khurana, Sanjeev (Elsevier, 2016)
      Epididymo-orchitis (EO) is a rare condition in the neonatal period. An underlying uropathy is variably associated with EO in published cases and more frequently seen in older children. In this case report, a male baby ...
    • Equitable resourcing of primary health care in remote communities in Australia’s Northern Territory: a pilot study 

      Wakerman, John; Sparrow, Lisa; Thomas, Susan L; Humphreys, John S; Jones, Michael P (BioMed Central, 2017-06-29)
      Background Improved Primary Health Care (PHC) utilisation is central to reducing the unacceptable morbidity and mortality rates characterising populations living in remote communities. Despite poorer health, significant ...
    • Establishing the Aus-ROC Australian and New Zealand out-of-hospital cardiac arrest Epistry 

      Beck, Ben; Bray, Janet; Smith, Karen L; Walker, Tony; Grantham, Hugh Jonathon; Hein, Cindy; Thorrowgood, Melanie; Smith, Anthony; Smith, Tony; Dicker, Bridget; Swain, Andy; Bailey, Michael J; Bosley, Emma; Pemberton, Katherine; Cameron, Peter A; Nichol, Graham; Finn, Judith; Aus-ROC Steering Committee (BMJ Publishing Group, 2016)
      Introduction Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is a global health problem with low survival. Regional variation in survival has heightened interest in combining cardiac arrest registries to understand and improve OHCA ...
    • Estimates of the global, regional, and national morbidity, mortality, and aetiologies of lower respiratory infections in 195 countries, 1990–2016: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016 

      Troeger, Christopher; Blacker, Brigette; Khalil, Ibrahim A; Rao, Puja C; Cao, Jackie; Zimsen, Stephanie R M; Albertson, Samuel B; Deshpande, Aniruddha; Farag, Tamer; Abebe, Zegeye; Adetifa, Ifedayo Morayo O; Adhikari, Tara Ballav; Akibu, Mohammed; Al Lami, Faris Hasan; Al-Eyadhy, Ayman; Alvis-Guzman, Nelson; Amare, Azmeraw T; Amoako, Yaw Ampem; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T; Aremu, Olatunde; Asfaw, Ephrem Tsegay; Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal; Atey, Tesfay Mehari; Attia, Engi Farouk; Avokpaho, Euripide Frinel G Arthur; Ayele, Henok Tadesse; Ayuk, Tambe Betrand; Balakrishnan, Kalpana; Barac, Aleksandra; Bassat, Quique; Behzadifar, Masoud; Behzadifar, Meysam; Bhaumik, Soumyadeep; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A; Bijani, Ali; Brauer, Michael; Brown, Alexandria; Camargos, Paulo A M; Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A; Colombara, Danny; Conti, Sara; Dadi, Abel Fekadu; Dandona, Lalit; Dandona, Rakhi; Do, Huyen Phuc; Dubljanin, Eleonora; Edessa, Dumessa; Elkout, Hajer; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Fijabi, Daniel Obadare; Foreman, Kyle J; Forouzanfar, Mohammad H; Fullman, Nancy; Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L; Gessner, Bradford D; Gething, Peter W; Gupta, Rahul; Gupta, Tarun; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Hassen, Hamid Yimam; Hedayati, Mohammad T; Heidari, Mohsen; Hibstu, Desalegn Tsegaw; Horita, Nobuyuki; SIlesanmi, Olayinka; Jakovljevic, Mihajlo B; Jamal, Amr A; Kahsay, Amaha; Kasaeian, Amir; Kassa, Dessalegn Haile; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Md Nuruzzaman; Khang, Young-Ho; Kim, Yun Jin; Kissoon, Niranjan; Knibbs, Luke D; Kochhar, Sonali; Koul, Parvaiz A; Kumar, G Anil; Lodha, Rakesh; El Razek, Hassan Magdy Abd; Malta, Deborah Carvalho; Mathew, Joseph L; Mengistu, Desalegn Tadese; Mezgebe, Haftay Berhane; Mohammad, Karzan Abdulmuhsin; Mohammed, Mohammed A; Momeniha, Fatemeh; Murthy, Srinivas; Nguyen, Cuong Tat; Nielsen, Katie R; Ningrum, Dina Nur Anggraini; Nirayo, Yirga Legesse; Oren, Eyal; Ortiz, Justin R; Pa, Mahesh; Postma, Maarten J; Qorbani, Mostafa; Quansah, Reginald; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rana, Saleem M; Ranabhat, Chhabi Lal; Ray, Sarah E; Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh; Ruhago, George Mugambage; Safiri, Saeid; Salomon, Joshua A; Sartorius, Benn; Savic, Miloje; Sawhney, Monika; She, Jun; Sheikh, Aziz; Shiferaw, Mekonnen Sisay; Shigematsu, Mika; Singh, Jasvinder A; Somayaji, Ranjani; Stanaway, Jeffrey D; Sufiyan, Muawiyyah Babale; Taffere, Getachew Redae; Temsah, Mohamad-Hani; Thompson, Matthew J; Tobe-Gai, Ruoyan; Topor-Madry, Roman; Tran, Bach Xuan; Tran, Tung Thanh; Tuem, Kald Beshir; Ukwaja, Kingsley Nnanna; Vollset, Stein Emil; Walson, Judd L; Weldegebreal, Fitsum; West, Andrea Werdecker T Eoin; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Zhou, Lei; Zodpey, Sanjay; Vos, Theo; Naghavi, Mohsen; Lim, Stephen S; Mokdad, Ali H; Murray, Christopher J L; Hay, Simon I; Reiner Jr, Robert C (Elsevier, 2018-09-19)
      Background Lower respiratory infections are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors (GBD) Study 2016, provides an up-to-date analysis of the ...
    • Ethical Use and Impact of Participatory Approaches to Research in Post-Disaster Environments: An Australian Bushfire Case Study 

      Gibbs, Lisa; Block, Karen; MacDougall, Colin James; Harms, Louise; Baker, Elyse; Richardson, John; Ireton, Greg; Gallagher, H Colin; Bryant, Richard; Lusher, Dean; Pattison, Philippa; Watson, Julie; Gillett, Joy; Pirrone, Alana; Molyneaux, Robyn; Sexton-Bruce, Sophie; Forbes, David (Hindawi, 2018-06-11)
      This paper presents a case study of Beyond Bushfires, a large, multisite, mixed method study of the psychosocial impacts of major bushfires in Victoria, Australia. A participatory approach was employed throughout the study ...
    • Etiologic Agents of Bacterial Sepsis and Their Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns among Patients Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus at Gondar University Teaching Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia 

      Alebachew, Gelila; Teka, Brhanu; Endris, Mengistu; Shiferaw, Yitayal; Tessema, Belay (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2016)
      Background. Bacterial sepsis is amajor cause of illness in human immunodeficiency virus infected patients. There is scarce evidence about sepsis among HIV patients in Ethiopia. This study aimed to determine the etiologic ...
    • Evaluation and management of patients with acute chest pain in China (EMPACT): protocol for a prospective, multicentre registry study 

      Zheng, Wen; Wang, Jiali; Xu, Feng; Zheng, Jiaqi; Zhang, He; Ma, Jingjing; Wang, Guangmei; Wang, Hao; Chew, Derek Peng; Chen, Yuguo (BMJ Publishing Group, 2018-01-23)
      Introduction Acute chest pain represents a major healthcare burden in emergency departments (ED) throughout the world. Among these patients, rapidly determining whether an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is evolving remains ...
    • Evaluation of a training program for device operators in the Australian Government's Point of Care Testing in General Practice Trial: issues and implications for rural and remote practices 

      Shephard, Mark Douglas; Mazzachi, Beryl C; Watkinson, Les; Shephard, Anne Kathryn; Laurence, Caroline O; Gialamas, Angela; Bubner, Tanya (Australian Rural Health Education Network, 2009)
      From September 2005 to February 2007 the Australian Government funded the Point of Care Testing (PoCT) in General Practice Trial, a multi-centre, cluster randomised controlled trial to determine the safety, clinical ...
    • Evaluation of Global Genomic DNA Methylation in Human Whole Blood by Capillary Electrophoresis UV Detection 

      Zinellu, Angelo; Sotgiu, Elisabetta; Assaretti, Stefano; Sotgia, Salvatore; Paliogiannis, Panagiotis; Pintus, Gianfranco; Mangoni, Arduino Aleksander; Carru, Ciriaco (Hindawi, 2017-12-03)
      Alterations in global DNA methylation are implicated in various pathophysiological processes. The development of simple and quick, yet robust, methods to assess DNA methylation is required to facilitate its measurement and ...
    • Evaluation of oxidative stress biomarkers in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and therapeutic applications: a systematic review 

      Fois, Alessandro G; Paliogiannis, Panagiotis; Sotgia, Salvatore; Mangoni, Arduino Aleksander; Zinellu, Elisabetta; Pirina, Pietro; Carru, Ciriaco; Zinellu, Angelo (BioMed Central, 2018-03-27)
      Abstract Introduction Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a fatal lung disease of unknown origin, is characterized by chronic and progressive fibrosing interstitial pneumonia ...
    • Evaluation of the Multi-Attribute Prioritisation Tool for Total Joint Replacement 

      Nganga, Michael; Bramwell, Donald; Monaghan, Jenifer; Doerr, Christine; Mercer, Graham; Krishnan, Jeganath (Elsevier, 2018-01-31)
      Rationale, aims and objectives The demand for arthroplasty is increasing and will continue to rise with an ageing population. Obesity and lengthy waiting time for Total Joint Replacement (TJR) have been associated with ...
    • Evidence for the interaction of peroxiredoxin-4 with the store-operated calcium channel activator STIM1 in liver cells 

      Tam, Ka Cheung; Ali, Eunus S; Hua, Jin; Chataway, Timothy Kennion; Barritt, Gregory John (Elsevier, 2018-05-15)
      Ca2+ entry through store-operated Ca2+ channels (SOCs) in the plasma membrane (PM) of hepatocytes plays a central role in the hormonal regulation of liver metabolism. SOCs are composed of Orai1, the channel pore protein, ...
    • Evidence that decreased expression of sinusoidal bile acid transporters accounts for the inhibition by rapamycin of bile flow recovery following liver ischemia 

      Afroz, Farhana; Jonkman, Els; Hua, Jin; Kist, Alwyn; Zhou, Yabin; Sokoya, Elke Marion; Padbury, Robert Thomas; Nieuwenhuijs, Vincent; Barritt, Gregory John (Elsevier, 2018-09-01)
      Rapamycin is employed as an immunosuppressant following organ transplant and, in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma, to inhibit cancer cell regrowth following liver surgery. Preconditioning the liver with rapamycin to ...
    • Experiences of using the Theoretical Domains Framework across diverse clinical environments: a qualitative study 

      Phillips, Cameron J; Marshall, Andrea P; Chaves, Nadia J; Jankelowitz, Stacey K; Lin, Ivan; Loy, Clement T H; Rees, Gwyneth; Sakzewski, Leanne; Thomas, Susie K; To, The Phung; Wilkinson, Shelley Ann; Michie, Susan (Dove Medical Press, 2015)
      BACKGROUND: The Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF) is an integrative framework developed from a synthesis of psychological theories as a vehicle to help apply theoretical approaches to interventions aimed at behavior ...
    • Exploring barriers to and facilitators of preventive measures against infectious diseases among Australian Hajj pilgrims: cross-sectional studies before and after Hajj 

      Alqahtani, Amani S.; Wiley, Kerrie E; Tashani, Mohamed; Willaby, Harold W; Heywood, Anita E; BinDhim, Nasser F; Booy, Robert; Rashid, Harunor (Elsevier Ltd on behalf of International Society for Infectious Diseases, 2016-06)
      Objective For reasons that have yet to be elucidated, the uptake of preventive measures against infectious diseases by Hajj pilgrims is variable. The aim of this study was to identify the preventive advice and interventions ...
    • Exploring status and determinants of prenatal and postnatal visits in western China: in the background of the new health system reform 

      Fan, Xiaojing; Zhou, Zhongliang; Dang, Shaonong; Xu, Yongjian; Gao, Jianmin; Zhou, Zhiying; Su, Min; Wang, Dan; Chen, Gang (BioMed Central, 2017-07-20)
      Background Prenatal and postnatal visits are two effective interventions for protection and promotion of maternal health by reducing maternal mortality and improving the quality of birth. There is limited nationally ...
    • Extended-Release Morphine for Chronic Breathlessness in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension—A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study 

      Ferreira, Diana; Ekstrom, Magnus; Sajkov, Dimitar; Vandersman, Zac; Eckert, Danny J; Currow, David Christopher (Elsevier, 2018-07-19)
      Context Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) affects people of all ages and is associated with poor prognosis. Chronic breathlessness affects almost all people with PAH. Objectives This randomized, placebo-controlled, ...
    • Extensive abdominal wall ulceration as a late manifestation of antiphospholipid syndrome: a case report 

      Sharma, Yogesh; Humphreys, Karen; Thompson, Campbell Henry (BioMed Central, 2018-08-14)
      Background Antiphospholipid syndrome is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the presence of antiphospholipid antibodies and commonly presents with vascular thromboembolic phenomena, thrombocytopenia, ...