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The critical reflection aims to identify the need to recognize our interconnectedness and to reframe the nation state. I provide a brief outline of the landscape of the complex field, defined by intersections spanning social, cultural, political, economic and environmental contributions from the social and natural sciences. A case is made for those who are not protected by the social contract, including young people, non-citizens, the disabled, sentient beings and the environment on which we all depend. The contribution highlights the empirical contradictions and theoretical tensions that have implications for social and environmental justice.