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dc.contributor.authorHyun, Karice K
dc.contributor.authorEssue, B M
dc.contributor.authorWoodward, Mark
dc.contributor.authorJan, S
dc.contributor.authorBrieger, David
dc.contributor.authorChew, Derek Peng
dc.contributor.authorNallaiah, K
dc.contributor.authorHowell, T
dc.contributor.authorBriffa, Tom G
dc.contributor.authorRanasinghe, I
dc.contributor.authorAstley, Carolyn
dc.contributor.authorRedfern, Julie
dc.date.accessioned2016-12-05T01:35:49Z
dc.date.available2016-12-05T01:35:49Z
dc.date.issued2016-11-08
dc.identifier.citationHyun, K., Essue, B., Woodward, M., Jan, S., Brieger, D., Chew, D., . . . Redfern, J. (2016). The household economic burden for acute coronary syndrome survivors in Australia. BMC Health Services Research, 16(1), 636.en
dc.identifier.issn1472-6963
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2328/36813
dc.descriptionOpen Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.en
dc.description.abstractBackground: Studies of chronic diseases are associated with a financial burden on households. We aimed to determine if survivors of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) experience household economic burden and to quantify any potential burden by examining level of economic hardship and factors associated with hardship. Methods: Australian patients admitted to hospital with ACS during 2-week period in May 2012, enrolled in SNAPSHOT ACS audit and who were alive at 18 months after index admission were followed-up via telephone/paper survey. Regression models were used to explore factors related to out-of-pocket expenses and economic hardship. Results: Of 1833 eligible patients at baseline, 180 died within 18 months, and 702 patients completed the survey. Mean out-of-pocket expenditure (n = 614) in Australian dollars was A$258.06 (median: A$126.50) per month. The average spending for medical services was A$120.18 (SD: A$310.35) and medications was A$66.25 (SD: A$80.78). In total, 350 (51 %) of patients reported experiencing economic hardship, 78 (12 %) were unable to pay for medical services and 81 (12 %) could not pay for medication. Younger age (18–59 vs ≥80 years (OR): 1.89), no private health insurance (OR: 2.04), pensioner concession card (OR: 1.80), residing in more disadvantaged area (group 1 vs 5 (OR): 1.77), history of CVD (OR: 1.47) and higher out-of-pocket expenses (group 4 vs 1 (OR): 4.57) were more likely to experience hardship. Conclusion: Subgroups of ACS patients are experiencing considerable economic burden in Australia. These findings provide important considerations for future policy development in terms of the cost of recommended management for patients.en
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen
dc.rights© The Author(s). 2016 Open Accessen
dc.subjectAcute coronary syndromeen
dc.subjectHousehold economic hardshipen
dc.subjectOut-of-pocket expenditureen
dc.subjectFinancial burdenen
dc.titleThe household economic burden for acute coronary syndrome survivors in Australiaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-016-1887-3en
dc.rights.holderThe Authorsen


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