Meta-analysis comparing the efficacy of anti-EGFR monoclonal antibody therapy between KRAS G13D and other KRAS mutant metastatic colorectal cancer tumours
Wiese, Michael D
Karapetis, Christos Stelios
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Background Metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) tumours harbouring a RAS mutation are associated with a lack of treatment benefit from anti-EGFR monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). However, observational evidence has led to speculation that mCRC patients with KRAS G13D mutant (MT) tumours may derive a benefit from treatment with anti-EGFR mAbs. Methods We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to evaluate whether the efficacy of anti-EGFR mAbs for mCRC differs between tumours harbouring a KRAS G13D mutation (KRAS G13D) and KRAS mutations other than G13D (other KRAS MT). Results Eight RCTs (n = 5967) met the inclusion criteria for assessment of both overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS). For other KRAS MT the hazard ratio for OS benefit with addition of anti-EGFR mAb therapy was 1.06 (95% confidence interval [CI]; 0.96, 1.17), compared to 1.08 (95% CI; 0.73, 1.60) for KRAS G13D [test for interaction p = 0.99]. In contrast, the hazard ratio for KRAS wild-type (WT) tumours was 0.85 (95% CI; 0.76, 0.95). Regarding PFS benefit with anti-EGFR mAbs, the hazard ratio was 1.07 (95% CI; 0.92, 1.26) for other KRAS MT, 0.96 (95% CI; 0.73, 1.27) for KRAS G13D, and 0.68 (95% CI; 0.54, 0.85) for KRAS WT. Again, the test for interaction (p = 0.46) demonstrated no significant difference in PFS benefit for anti-EGFR mAb therapy between KRAS G13D and other KRAS MT. Conclusion This meta-analysis demonstrates no significant difference between KRAS G13D and other KRAS MT tumours in terms of treatment benefit from anti-EGFR mAbs for mCRC.
This author accepted manuscript (post print) is made available following a 12 month embargo from the date of publication (23 January 2016) in accordance with the publisher copyright policy.