Gift Giving and Corruption
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When individuals exchange gifts, social bonds are strengthened and reciprocity is created. If the gift and the reciprocation both come from private resources, it is clearly a gift. If what is reciprocated after a gift is given comes from an organization, or is a government resource rather than from “one’s own pocket” then it is most likely a bribe. This study reviews the anthropological literature on gift giving and constructs a typology for examining the gift/bribe distinction in public administration. This classification helps distinguish analytically among different gift practices and clarify conceptual ambiguity of the terms gift and bribe.
“This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in International Journal of Public Administration on 7 June 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/01900692.2016.1177833” © 2017 Taylor & Francis. This author accepted manuscript is made available following 18 month embargo from date of publication (6 June 2016) in accordance with the publisher's copyright policy.