Impaired bolus clearance in asymptomatic older adults during high resolution impedance manometry
Besanko, Laura K
Burgstad, Carly M
Thompson, Aiko Kido
Fraser, Robert J L
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Background Dysphagia becomes more common in old age. We performed high-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) in asymptomatic healthy adults (including an older cohort >80 years) to assess HRIM findings in relation to bolus clearance. Methods Esophageal HRIM was performed in a sitting posture in 45 healthy volunteers (n = 30 young control, mean age 37 ± 11 years and n = 15 older subjects aged 85 ± 4 years) using a 3.2-mm solid-state catheter (Solar GI system; MMS, Enschede, The Netherlands) with 25 pressure (1-cm spacing) and 12 impedance segments (2-cm intervals). Five swallows each of 5- and 10-mL liquid and viscous bolus were performed and analyzed using esophageal pressure topography metrics and Chicago classification criteria as well as pressure-flow parameters. Bolus transit was determined using standard impedance criteria. A p-value <0.05 was considered significant. Key Results Impaired bolus clearance occurred more frequently in asymptomatic older subjects compared with young controls (YC) during liquid (40 vs 18%, χ2 = 4.935; p < 0.05) and viscous (60 vs 17%; χ2 = 39.08; p < 0.001) swallowing. Longer peristaltic breaks (p < 0.05) and more rapid peristalsis (L: p < 0.004, V: p = 0.003) occurred in the older cohort, with reduced impedance-based clearance for both bolus consistencies (L: p < 0.05, V: p < 0.001). Decreased peristaltic vigor (distal contractile integral <450 mmHg/s/cm) was associated with reduced liquid clearance in both age groups (p < 0.001) and of viscous swallows in the older group (p < 0.001). Impedance ratio, a marker of bolus retention, was increased in older subjects during liquid (p = 0.002) and viscous (p < 0.001) swallowing. Conclusions & Inferences Impaired liquid and viscous bolus clearance, esophageal pressure topography, and pressure-flow changes were seen in asymptomatic older subjects.
12892This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving. This author accepted manuscript is made available following 12 month embargo from date of publication (26 June 2016) in accordance with the publisher's copyright policy.