Mid-term migration of a cementless, porous acetabular cup; A 5 year Radiostereometric Analysis
Nilsson, Kjell G
Quinn, Stephen John
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Purpose The aim of the study was to determine the 5 year migratory and wear patterns, adverse events and clinical outcomes of a cementless, porous acetabular cup. Methods RSA imaging of a cohort of 11 patients was retrospective analysed at 5 years post Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA). Changes in pain, function and symptoms of the hip at 5 years post-THA were compared to preoperative and 2 year postoperative assessments on the Harris Hip Score (HHS) and Hip dysfunction and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (HOOS). Results The majority of cup migration occurred up to 6 months and stabilised thereafter (6 months to 5 years, p = 0.091–0.866, Wilcoxon Signed Rank test). The direction of rotation around the 3 axes was evenly distributed among the cups between anterior-posterior rotation, internal-external rotation and increased-decreased inclination. The majority of the cups translated proximally, at an average migration of 0.36 mm (±95%CI 0.17) at 5-years post-THA. Following initial bedding in, up to 6 months, there was no detectable polyethylene wear between 6 months and 5 years. At 5 years postoperatively, a statistically significant difference was observed across all HOOS subscales in comparison to preoperative values, with higher means reported at 5 years (p < 0.001). The total mean HHS displayed a statistically significant improvement, increasing from ‘poor’ preoperatively to ‘good’ at 5 years post-THA. Conclusion Following initial migration between discharge and 6 months, the cementless porous acetabular cup demonstrated a tendency for stabilisation from 6 months up to 5 years post-THA, suggesting good mid-term fixation. Additionally, improvements in clinical outcome measures of pain, function and quality-of-life remained high following THA at 5 years post-surgery.