An investigation into artefacts formed during gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis of firearms propellant that contains diphenylamine as the stabiliser
Johnston, Martin Ross
Kobus, Hilton John
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In the course of providing assistance to legal counsel in a matter that involved the analysis of firearms propellant by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry it was noticed that phenoxazine was reported as a component of 0.22 calibre propellant that contained diphenylamine as the stabiliser. The research was conducted to find how phenoxazine was formed. The results showed that the compound was not phenoxazine but a diphenylamine derivative 4-(phenylimino) cyclohexa-2,5-dien-1-one that formed in the injection port of the gas chromatograph. In addition a second artefact was found to form in the ion source of the mass spectrometer. While the presence of the artefacts does not affect the ability to identify particles as propellant they may impact on comparison with source ammunition.