Drugs and law enforcement
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The overwhelming majority of those who use illicit drugs do not commit property crime or violent crime. There is however, a strong link between predatory crime and illicit drug use and the focus of this paper is on law enforcement and the reduction of crime associated with illicit drug use. This includes two key groups: those whose "drug" crimes are directly associated with drugs (such as possession, dealing, trafficking and manufacturing) and those whose "drug-related" offences are to support a drug habit (that is acquisitive crime) or while intoxicated (that is violent crime). Police activities are examined as well as the targets, programs and strategies used, and how to assess the effectiveness of drug law enforcement.
Speech presented at the Drugs, Rehabilitation and the Criminal Justice System Conference 2002, Sydney, March 1, 2002, by Adam Graycar, Director, Australian Institute of Criminology, and co-authored by Kiah McGregor and Toni Makkai. This speech is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/