Crime and justice in Australia
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Australia is one of the safest countries in the world. Australians can go about their daily lives with little chance of their becoming the target of a criminal attack. But it does happen - and the prospect that it might happen worries a lot of people. And although most of Australia is comparatively safe, the incidence of crime is much greater than it was 20 years ago. Criminal activity hurts and outrages people, and costs the community billions of dollars. to prevent crime there are at least three approaches to follow: 1. A criminal justice approach focuses on retribution, incapacitation, rehabilitation and deterrence. 2. A developmental approach works from the basis that law enforcement comes into play more to deal with offencing and less to prevent offending. 3. Policy research to learn from inter-sectoral and cross-disciplinary research and demonstration projects to determine the causes and consequences of rule making, rule breaking, and rule enforcing.
Speech presented as part of the Vital Issues Series, Parliamentary Library, Parliament House, Canberra, 29 May 1996 by Adam Graycar, Director, Australian Institute of Criminology. Made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/