Παθήσεις ημιφώνων στο ιδίωμα των Κουβουκλίων Προύσας και σε άλλες διαλέκτους και γλώσσες
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Please note: This article is in Greek. Changes of consonants and vowels can be observed not only in the idiom of Kouvouklia and other Greek idioms and dialects, but in other languages as well. According to G. Hatzidakis changes in some cases of the article (o,η) and of the third person of the personal pronoun (αυτός), are attributed to the contraction of the unaccented vowels, after which they become ts. After the final phthong -s, the sound of a weak phthong i is heard and they become tsi. In Turkish an i is developed before consonantal complexes, of which the first component is s or z, the same is noticed in other languages as well.The vocalization of some consonants is very noticeable in the English phthongs l, r, w and j. These consonants have some vocalic qualitites, because of which they are called semiconsonants and semivowels. The American linguist Kenneth Pike proposed the terms vocoid (φωνηεντοειδή) and contoid (συμφωνοειδή). In Antiquity the consonant s, and the semivowels j and F in Greek at the beggining of the word turned into a guttural consonant, while in between vowels they disappear. In the Latin the phthong s turned into r, and the semivowel F became v. The voiceless phthong s when is next to liquid and voiced phthongs l and r becomes voiced and it is pronounced as z. In the Indoeuropean languages, frequently, a vowel is developed next to a liquid consonant, turning it into a syllable, e.g. the consonants l and r become la and ra or al and ar. This phenomenon is due to a certain degree of vocalisation existing in the consonants l and r. The nasals (μ,ν), too, are vocalised: τέμν-ω-έ-ταμ-ον, the *μ-χρι -μέχρι elsewhere became ά-χρι, στμ-φυλή, σταφυλή (πβ. στέμ-φυλον). Also in the idiom of Kouvouklia the nasal n becomes palatal like the l, due to its vicinity with the i. Other changes of vowels are the ektenia (extensiveness), the heteriosis (alteration) and the systole (contraction).