Τυπολογία ιστοριογραφίας της ελληνικής εποίκησης (Ωκεανία και Νότια Αμερική)
Tamis, Anastasios M
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Please note: This article is in Greek. Although Australia and South America are both sharing the same ocean, very little is known about the common socio-cultural characteristics defining the Greek immigration and settlement in both regions. In South America the phenomenon of migration was developed during the inter-war period (1920–1939) as a result of the migration restrictions and quotas on South European migration intakes applied by the US government. With the exception of Brazil, strong Greek migration waves appeared as early as 1880 in Uruguay, Argentina, Chile and Peru, establishing large and robust Greek community organizations. The Hispanic cultures influenced adversely the loyalty efforts of the Greek communities to maintain their ethnolinguistic identities, despite the large number of Greek benefactors and the adequacy of their social and economic consolidation. The Greek migration to Australia was mainly a post-WWII phenomenon, was developed on the basis of government-controlled migration, focusing on labour decentralization and demographic benefits. In contrast to the migration experience in South America, successive Australian Governments established national policies on languages and supported the ethnolinguistic and cultural loyalty efforts of the 490,000 Australians of Greek ancestry.